1. Institutional Formation: The establishment phase involves the creation and legal registration of the organization. This includes defining its mission, vision, and legal structure, such as whether it's a non-profit, a corporation, or another type of entity.

2. Governance and Leadership: Establishing an effective governance structure, which may include a board of directors, trustees, or other leadership positions, is vital to oversee the organization's operations and strategic direction.

3. Human Resources: Building a team, hiring staff, and defining the organizational structure are critical aspects of establishment. This also includes developing HR policies and procedures.

4. Financial Setup: Creating a financial structure involves setting up bank accounts, developing budgets, financial policies, and financial management systems to ensure the organization's financial health.

5. Legal Compliance: Ensuring compliance with local, state, and national laws, including tax regulations, employment laws, and other legal requirements, is a crucial part of establishment.

6. Infrastructure and Facilities: Identifying and securing physical facilities, if necessary, and establishing an IT infrastructure and other resources required for the organization's operations.

7. Strategic Planning: Developing a strategic plan that outlines the organization's goals, objectives, and a roadmap for its growth and development is an integral part of the establishment process.

8. Policies and Procedures: Creating a set of policies and procedures that guide the organization's day-to-day operations, including areas such as finance, HR, governance, and program management.

9. Fundraising and Resource Mobilization: If applicable, establishing fundraising strategies and seeking resources, which could include grants, donations, or partnerships, is essential for financial sustainability.

10. Communication and Branding: Defining the organization's communication strategy and establishing its brand identity, including logo, website, and marketing materials.

The establishment phase is a foundational step that lays the groundwork for the organization's operations and growth. It involves a variety of administrative, legal, and strategic tasks that are essential for a successful start and long-term sustainability.